The flag is also flown beside Customs House in Loftus Street, Sydney, to mark the approximate location at which Captain Phillip first raised the Union Jack, and claimed New South Wales in 1788. References * "It is often stated that the Union Flag should only be described as the Union Jack when flown in the bows of a warship, but this is a relatively recent idea. [81], The Union Flag was used as a flag of Australia until 1953, although the Australian blue ensign saw use as a governmental flag of Australia, and an informal national flag of the country since the early 20th century. [28], In the Chinese language, the flag has the nickname Rice-Character Flag (米字旗; Mandarin Pinyin: mǐzìqí, Cantonese Jyutping: mai5zi6kei4), since the pattern looks like the Chinese character for "rice" (米).[29]. [99], However, the meaning behind the use of the foreign flags by pro-democracy protestors, including the Union Flag, remains disputed with protestors citing a variety of reasons for flying it. In 1938, Brian's father, Lord Montgomery Falsworth, was outraged at British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlin's policy of appeasement towards Adolf Hitler's German regime. Some years ago there was a demand from Irish quarters that the blue ground of the golden harp on the royal standard should be changed to green. La bandiera del Regno Unito (comunemente Union Flag o Union Jack) fu adottata nel 1801 in seguito all'atto di unione con il quale il Regno di Gran Bretagna e il Regno d'Irlanda si univano a formare il Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna e Irlanda.Derivata da una versione precedente adottata nel 1606, è anche stata la bandiera rappresentativa dell'Impero britannico. In 2003, a private individual started a campaign – dubbed "reflag" or "Union Black" – to ntroduce black stripes in the Union Jack in order to represent the increasing diversity in the United Kingdom. References [ edit ] ^ US FM 55-501 MARINE CREWMAN’S HANDBOOK; 1 December 1999 [72], In July 2007, then-Prime Minister Gordon Brown unveiled plans to have the Union Flag flown more often from government buildings. The Union Jack was established by Royal Proclamation under the Act of Union and is as much a matter of prerogative as the Royal Standard. Jason Kenney, PC, MP, Secretary of State (Multiculturalism and Canadian Identity) on Commonwealth Day", "UNION JACK - discussion on BBC Broadcasting House", The World’s Most Expensive Union Jack Sells For £384K, "Union Jack: Do You Know The Correct Way Up? The Union Jack (連合の意義 (ユニオンジャック) Rengō no Igi (Yunion Jakku), lit. Wales had no explicit recognition in the Union Jack as it had been a part of the Kingdom of England since being annexed by Edward I of England in 1282 and its full integration by the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542, and was therefore represented by the flag of England. Even if the term "Union Jack" does derive from the jack flag, after three centuries, it is now sanctioned by use and has appeared in official use, confirmed as the national flag by Parliament and remains the popular term. [110], The Union Flag has been a prominent symbol in the sphere of fashion since the British Invasion movement of the 1960s, in a similar manner to the American Stars and Stripes flag, and came back into fashion in the mid-1990s 'Cool Britannia' era, notably Spice Girl Geri Halliwell's iconic Union Jack dress of the 1997 Brit Awards. The word Jack was used before the 17th century as a description for the maritime bow flag. It is often displayed upside down inadvertently—even on commercially-made hand waving flags. Notably, the home nation of Wales is not represented separately in the Union Flag, as the concept of a standardised national flag was not fully developed at the time of the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542 integrating Wales into the Kingdom of England. The first drawn pattern for the flag was in a parallel proclamation on 1 January 1801, concerning civil naval ensigns, which drawing shows the red ensign (also to be used as a red jack by privateers). According to the Flag Institute, a membership-run vexillological charity,[12] "the national flag of the United Kingdom, the Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories is the Union Flag, which may also be called the Union Jack. A YouGov poll showed less than half of the UK population knows the history or even how to correctly fly the Union Flag … which may also be called the Union Jack. Although there was some ambiguity regarding the legality of it being flown for any other purpose on civilian vessels, its use as an ensign or jack was established well in advance of the 1864 Act that designated the Red Ensign for merchant shipping. The Union Flag was found in the canton (upper flagstaff-side quarter) of the flags of many colonies of Britain, while the field (background) of their flags was the colour of the naval ensign flown by the particular Royal Navy squadron that patrolled that region of the world. The Miskito people sometimes use a similar flag that also incorporates the Union Jack in its canton, due to long periods of contact in the Mosquito Coast. This is not the equivalent of the ensigns of the other armed services but is used at recruiting and military or sporting events, when the army needs to be identified but the reverence and ceremony due to the regimental flags and the Union Jack would be inappropriate. The United Kingdom, or Britain, is found in Western Europe. The Union Flag became the flag of New Zealand after the Treaty of Waitangi was signed in February 1840, replacing the flag used by the United Tribes of New Zealand. When at anchor or alongside, it is flown from the jackstaff at the bow of the ship. The Admiralty in 1864 settled all official flags at proportions of 1:2, but the relative widths of the crosses remained unspecified, with the above conventions becoming standardised in the 20th century. [15], However, the authoritative A Complete Guide to Heraldry published in 1909 by Arthur Charles Fox-Davies uses the term "Union Jack".[16]. As it appears in the London Gazette, the broad stripe is where expected for three of the four quarters, but the upper left quarter shows the broad stripe below. The national flag of the UK is famously called the Union Jack or the Union Flag. Union Jack: History, Evolution And Tattoo Design Ideas. [90] After which, vessels of the New Zealand government used a defaced blue ensign issued by the colonial government. So - “…the jack flag had existed for over a hundred and fifty years before the jack staff…”. As former British Empire nations were granted independence, these and other versions of the Union Flag were decommissioned. [old info], Previously the flag was generally only flown on public buildings on days marking the birthdays of members of the Royal Family, the wedding anniversary of the monarch, Commonwealth Day, Accession Day, Coronation Day, the Queen's Official Birthday, Remembrance Sunday, and on the days of the State Opening and prorogation of Parliament. The Union Jack (also Union flag, union jack) is regarded as the official flag of the United Kingdom, although technically no law to that effect has ever been passed. Even the original flag of the United States, first raised in 1775 was "a jack with the union flag, and striped red and white in the field". The concept of a Union Flag matured in 1603 when James VI of Scotland inherited the throne of England as James I. England and Scotland now shared the same monarch under what was known as a union of the crowns.". If you look closely at the flag, you’ll notice that it’s actually not … In real-world history the British military vessels were required to fly the Union Jack from the jackstaff at the head of the bowsprit. The original specification of the Union Flag in the Royal Proclamation of 1 January 1801 did not contain a drawn pattern or express which way the saltires should lie; they were simply "counterchanged" and the red saltire fimbriated. Der Union Jack ist eine Überlagerung der englischen Flagge (rotes Kreuz auf weißem Grund, das sogenannte Georgskreuz), der schottischen Flagge (weißes Andreaskreuz auf blauem Grund) und der nordirischen Flagge (rotes Andreaskreuz auf weißem Hintergrund, das sogenannte Patrickskreuz).. Farben. [87][88] The Royal Union Flag may also be formally flown alongside the flag of Canada at federal locations in Canada in relation to ceremonies, anniversaries, and other events relating to the Canadian Armed Forces, or other forces in the Commonwealth. However, on 23 April, St George's Day, it is the Union Flag of the United Kingdom that is flown over UK government offices in England. The term "Union Jack" refers to the flag being a union between three national flags. The history behind the Union Jack has been one of gradual evolution of the flag as the relationships between the four 'nations' of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland (now just Northern Ireland) have developed over time. According to one story, the King of Hawaii asked the British mariner, George Vancouver, during a stop in Lahaina, what the piece of cloth flying from his ship was. The earliest official reference to the Union Jack as the national flag is in Queen's Army Regulations 1873. and in King George III's proclamation of 1 January 1801 concerning the arms and flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: And that the Union Flag shall be Azure, the Crosses Saltires of St. Andrew and St. Patrick Quarterly per Saltire, counterchanged Argent and Gules; the latter fimbriated of the Second, surmounted by the Cross of St. George of the Third, fimbriated as the Saltire : ...[18], When the first flag representing Britain was introduced on the proclamation of King James I in 1606,[19] it became known simply as the "British flag" or the "flag of Britain". [51], On land, evidence confirming the use of this flag appears in the depiction of Edinburgh Castle by John Slezer, in his series of engravings entitled Theatrum Scotiae, c. 1693. This royal flag was, at first, to be used only at sea on civil and military ships of both England and Scotland, whereas land forces continued to use their respective national banners. The UK is made up of the Island of Great Britain, Ireland, and other smaller islands. It comprises of three flags - England, Scotland, and St Patricks (representing Ireland) After Queen Elizabeth I of England died in 1603, King James VI of Scotland inherited the English throne and became King James I of England. The Royal Navy's flag code book, BR20 Flags of All Nations, states that both 1:2 and 3:5 versions are official. APRIL 12 th . [60], A Dáil question in 1961 mooted raising the removal of the cross of St Patrick with the British government; Frank Aiken, the Irish minister for external affairs, declined to "waste time on heraldic disputations".[61]. The Union Flag was used as the flag of Canada until it was re-adopted as a ceremonial flag, and the Maple Leaf flag made the official national flag in 1965. The Vice-Regal flags of the State Governors also use the Union Jack. Newfoundland and Labrador uses a flag that was derived from the Union Flag, with the Union Jack serving as the flag of Newfoundland until 1980. A different style of the Union flag appears again in another cartoon by Gillray. "[13] The institute also notes: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, it is often stated that the Union Flag should only be described as the Union Jack when flown in the bows of a warship, but this is a relatively recent idea. In August 2016, many local businesses along the Italian riviera hoisted the flags as a protest against the implementation of the Services in the Internal Market Directive 2006. More recently, Reed's Nautical Almanac (1990 edition) unambiguously stated: "The Union Flag, frequently but incorrectly referred to as the Union Jack, ..." and later: "8. [22] On 12 April 1606, a new flag to represent this regal union between England and Scotland was specified in a royal decree, according to which the flag of England (a red cross on a white background, known as St George's Cross), and the flag of Scotland (a white saltire on a blue background, known as the saltire or St Andrew's Cross), would be joined together,[8] forming the flag of Great Britain and first union flag: By the King: Whereas, some differences hath arisen between Our subjects of South and North Britaine travelling by Seas, about the bearing of their Flagges: For the avoiding of all contentions hereafter. Because the Queen died unmarried and childless, the English crown passed to the next available heir, her cousin James VI, King of Scotland. [83] Section 8 of that Flag Act also specified that the formalization of the Australian blue ensign as the national flag did "not affect the right or privilege of a person to fly the Union Jack. However, Section 2 regards the "British flag", and states that "The flag which every British ship is entitled to fly is the Red Ensign (without any defacement or modification) and, subject to (a warrant from Her Majesty or from the Secretary of State, or an Order of Council from her Majesty regarding a defaced Red Ensign), no other colours. [83], In 1953, the Australian blue ensign was named the national flag of Australia, through the Flags Act 1953. [73] While consultation on new guidelines is under way, the decision to fly the flag may be made by each government department. The proposal was universally met with opposition and was denounced by MSP Phil Gallie as "ridiculous tokenism [that] would do nothing to stamp out racism". By John Misachi on April 25 2017 in Society. Its first recorded recognition as a national flag came in 1908, when it was stated in Parliament that "the Union Jack should be regarded as the National flag". [55], A manuscript compiled in 1785 by William Fox and in possession of the Flag Research Center includes a full plate showing "the scoth [sic] union" flag. The Union Flag, and flags defaced with the Union Flag in its canton, like the Canadian Red Ensign, continue to see use in Canada in a private capacity. The Union Jack was to be flown alongside the National Flag at the Houses of Parliament, from the principal government buildings in the capitals, at Union ports, on government offices abroad, and at such other places as the government might determine. [64], In the run-up to the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, various non-official suggestions were made for how the flag could be redesigned without the St Andrew's Cross in the event that Scotland left the Union. The Royal Union flag alongside the flag of Canada and the flag of British Columbia, at Stanley Park in Vancouver. She said, "the Government is keen to make the Union Flag a positive symbol of Britishness reflecting the diversity of our country today and encouraging people to take pride in our flag." Four former British colonies in Oceania which are now independent countries incorporate the Union Jack as part of their national flags: Australia, New Zealand and Tuvalu, which have retained the monarchy; and Fiji, which abolished the monarchy in 1987. [79][80], Royal Navy Stores Duties Instructions, article 447, dated 26 February 1914, specified that flags condemned from further service use were to be torn up into small pieces and disposed of as rags (ADM 1/8369/56), not to be used for decoration or sold. These are used in cases where it is illegal to fly the Union Flag, such as at sea from a ship other than a British warship. [25], The Butcher's Apron is a pejorative term for the flag, common among Irish republicans, citing the blood-streaked appearance of the flag and referring to atrocities committed in Ireland and other countries under British colonial rule. However, the fact that it was likely that Northern Ireland would choose not to remain part of the Irish Free State after its foundation and remain in the United Kingdom, gave better grounds for keeping the cross of St. Patrick in the Union Jack. The British flag incorporates the nation… Instructions issued in 1931 confirmed the places where both flags were to be flown. "[59] Though remaining within the United Kingdom, the new government of Northern Ireland dispensed with the St Patrick's Saltire in favour of a new flag derived from the coat-of-arms of the Burkes, Earls of Ulster, and quite similar to England's St George's Cross. [92][93] This dual arrangement was effective from 31 May 1928. The flag does not have reflection symmetry due to the slight pinwheeling of the St Patrick's and St Andrew's crosses, technically the counterchange of saltires. What happened on this day in history. Naval ships will fly the white ensign, merchant and private boats can fly the red ensign, others with special permission such as naval yacht clubs can fly the blue ensign. There was some speculation on the matter in British dominions also, with one New Zealand paper reporting that: ...the removal of the cross of St. Patrick Cross after 120 years will transform the appearance of the flag. The Union will have both old and new superheroes within it, including British hero Union Jack and a major new character Britannia who will lead the new team in its fight against the enemies they will encounter. The term "Union Jack" refers to the flag being a union between three national flags. In 1603, James VI of Scotland inherited the English and Irish thrones (as James I), thereby uniting the crowns of England, Scotland and Ireland (which remained separate states) in a personal union. The British Flag A flag containing three other flags. Lord Howe's action, or the Glorious First of June, painted in 1795, shows a Union flying from HMS Queen Charlotte on the "Glorious First of June" 1794. The parliamentary resolution passed on 18 December 1964 assigned two purposes for the Union Flag in Canada, as a flag representing the United Kingdom, and as an official ceremonial flag of Canada. argent or silver). A painted wooden ceiling boss from Linlithgow Palace, dated to about 1617, depicts the Scottish royal unicorn holding a flag where a blue Saltire surmounts the red cross of St. George. 2. In this regard, Sir James Craig, the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland remarked in December 1921 that he and his government were "glad to think that our decision [to remain part of United Kingdom] will obviate the necessity of mutilating the Union Jack. This status was confirmed to an extent by the Merchant Shipping (Registration, etc.) James Montgomery FalsworthBrian FalsworthJoseph ChapmanKenneth CrichtonVampire Avengers(Earth-3931)Union JacksEarth X(Earth-9997) The term Union Jack possibly dates from Queen Anne's time (r. 1702–14), but its origin is uncertain. In 1606, King James VI ordered for the creation of a flag which bore the crosses of both St George and St Andrew. When James VI took over the reign in the Kingdoms of English and Ireland in 1603 and united the crowns, he asked for the establishment of a new flag as the representation for the regal union. Bicentennial celebrations, it was in … The Union Nationality and Flags Act 1927 provided that the flags of the Union were (a) the Union Jack, to denote the association with the other members of the British Commonwealth of Nations, and (b) the new National Flag. The Union Jack is composed of the flags of three patron saints layered one over the other. Nevertheless, a convention was soon established which accords most closely with the description. [67] The Union Flag may also be flown from the yardarm to indicate that a court-martial is in progress, though these are now normally held at shore establishments. The pennant flying on Britannia's boat in this 1793 James Gillray cartoon is considerably different from the present flag. The Royal Navy which was also powerful at the same time also informed the name Union Jack given to the flag. However, when the flag is used as a ceremonial flag of Canada, the flag of the Canadian province/territory takes precedence before the Royal Union Flag. Union flag (1606) St Patricks cross The design of the 1801 flag came about as a result of the act of union between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland. In March of 1899, Churchill wrote to his mother from India about her plans to produce a new trans-Atlantic magazine, to be called The Anglo-Saxon Review. It is so called because it combines the crosses of the three countries united under one Sovereign - the kingdoms of England and Wales, of Scotland and of Ireland (although since 1921 only Northern Ireland has been part of the United Kingdom). On the plaque it is referred to as the "Jack of Queen Anne". The result was the Union Jack. The three-component crosses that make up the Union Flag are sized as follows: The crosses and fimbriations retain their thickness relative to the flag's height whether they are shown with a ratio of 3:5 or 1:2. The flag was also used by the US in its first flag. The British Army's flag is the Union Jack, but in 1938, a "British Army Non-Ceremonial Flag" was devised, featuring a lion on crossed blades with the St Edward's Crown on a red background. However, as Scotland voted against independence the issue did not arise.[65][66]. The Navy Ship was commonly used by the UK and its colonies with the British ship using the jack staff or the pole for the flag and was attached to the bow of the ship. [90] British maritime flags were used by New Zealand vessels until 1865, with the passage of the Colonial Naval Defence Act. It is also used extensively in Commonwealth countries. [62] The campaign is now defunct. Both terms are historically correct in the description of the national flag of the UK. The New York Times reported that on 22 January 1922: At the College of Arms it was stated that certain modifications were under consideration and that if any action were taken it would be done by the King in Council. "Union Flag" redirects here. The Union Jack became the standard “Navy Jack” on June 14, 1777. The resultant flag was the Union Flag or Union Jack with Jack as the short form of Jacobus which is a Latin word for James. In this version, the innermost points of the lower left and upper right diagonals of the St Patrick's cross are cut off or truncated. Also, there are days when the flag is flown on specific places only. To keep any one of the three flags from having precedence, the Union Jack is spread horizontally from the Orange Free State flag towards the hoist; closest to the hoist, it is in the superior position but since it is reversed it does not precede the other flags. Image based on the reproduction of Draft C published in “Perrin” plate IV. A compromise was reached in which both flags were flown on official buildings. [100] Although a small number of Hongkongers seek direct British intervention into the matter, the majority of those that used the Union Flag or the colonial flag of Hong Kong during the protests do not hold such beliefs. We have, with the advice of our Council, ordered: That from henceforth all our Subjects of this Isle and Kingdome of Great Britaine, and all our members thereof, shall beare in their main-toppe the Red Crosse, commonly called St George's Crosse, and the White Crosse, commonly called St Andrew’s Crosse, joyned together according to the forme made by our heralds, and sent by Us to our Admerall to be published to our Subjects: and in their fore-toppe our Subjects of South Britaine shall weare the Red Crosse onely as they were wont, and our Subjects of North Britaine in their fore-toppe the White Crosse onely as they were accustomed.[40]. The interior core of the Union Jack is the English flag, represented by the Cross of St. George the patron saint of England. When the Anglo-Irish Treaty was concluded on 6 December 1921 and the creation of the new Irish Free State was an imminent prospect, the question arose as to whether the cross of Saint Patrick should remain in the Union Jack. 11 . The jacks of ships flying variants of the Blue Ensign are square and have a square Union Flag in the canton. The Union Jack became the standard “Navy Jack” on June 14, 1777. [99], The use of foreign flags at the protests, including the Union Flag, has been cited multiple times by the central government of China as evidence for their claim that foreign interference is steering the protests in Hong Kong against the central government. The HBC jack is no longer in use and replaced with a corporate flag featuring the company's coat of arms. [22], Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945, referred to the flag of the United Kingdom as the Union Jack. The Union Flag was also the formal flag for the Dominion of Newfoundland, a separate dominion of the British Empire from 1907 to 1949. Other Commonwealth countries (such as India and Jamaica) may follow similar ensign etiquette as the UK, replacing the Union Flag with their own national flag. This is due to different specifications for different types of media (for example, screen and print). The UK has several national symbols some of which are unique to its constituent countries. [9] By 1627 a small Union Jack was commonly flown in this position. "[106] The Flag Institute listed the white bordered Union Flag as "Civil Jack".[13]. A book[clarification needed] issued to British consuls in 1855 states that the white bordered Union Flag is to be hoisted for a pilot. The flag has been embroidered on various Reebok equipment as a mark of the brand's British origin,[114] and the Reebok Union Jack has been referred to as a brand icon. – discuss]. Publication history 1980s publications. The Union Jack 1. But, … Probably it will be found that the deletion is not absolutely necessary. The Union Jack was contained as part of top left hand shield and close to the flags of the United States and France, there was also contained the flag of Prussia, but it was removed around 1917. There’s a Right Way to Display It. ", "The History and Meaning of the Union Jack or Union Flag", "Command flag, Admiral of the Fleet, RN (before 1801)", "The North East View of Edinburgh Castle", "The North Prospect of the City of Edenburgh", "Ceisteanna—Questions. The Union will also appear in the crossover event called King in Black alongside other well known comic … In March 1603 Queen Elizabeth I of England died without an heir, leaving the succession open. Jack comes from the Latin for James, Jacobus. Jack comes from the Latin for James, Jacobus. This is counterchanged with the saltire of St Andrew, such that the white always follows the red clockwise. The day of the prorogation of a Session of the Houses of Parliament, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 18:40. This could imply that there was still some use of a Scottish variant before the addition of the cross of St Patrick to the Union Flag in 1801.[50]. In 1634, the flag was restricted to use on the royal ships only by King Charles I.