How Art Made the World: A Journey to the Origins of Human Creativity
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252-5298 or (800) 255-1514, or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data A CIP catalog record for this book is available from the Library of Congress ISBN 0-465-08181-9 ISBN-13: 978-0-465-08182-0 (pbk); ISBN 0-465-08182-7 (pbk) Set in Gill Sans and Plantin 01 02 03 04 05 / 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 THE HUMAN ARTIST ONCE THERE WAS AN ARTIST who was also a teacher of art. He held classes at an art school, and many
things which happen in my anger I firmly hold in control by my reason … ’ The associated images, carved in deep relief for all below to see, show the king’s throne being supported – again happily – by the many nations of the empire.The king himself is represented with a bow in his hand, symbolizing not just his usefulness on the battlefield, but his qualities of balance and control – qualities central to the ideal of kingship as framed by Darius. 77 A stairway frieze at Persepolis showing a
be defined – is reckoned in some early Buddhist texts to be an inexpressible attainment. Several centuries elapsed, it seems, before a figurative language was contrived to articulate not only the appearance of the Buddha in his perfected eternity, but also the key events of Siddhartha’s life and mission. In the northerly region known as Gandhara (roughly approximating to modern Pakistan), some traces of Classical influence upon this Buddhist iconography have been supposed – in the folds of
Why (Washington 1995). M. Greenhalgh and V. Megaw, Art in Society (London 1978) contains various case-studies mixing ‘art and anthropology’; theory and practice are nicely combined in R. Layton, The Anthropology of Art (2nd ed., Cambridge 1991). W. Noble and I. Davison, Human Evolution, Language and Mind (Cambridge 1996), gives an overview of the evidence for the early development of symbolic capacity in the human species; as for historical instances of how humans respond to art, D. Freedberg’s
edited by S. de Filippis, is available in the Cambridge Edition of the Works of D.H. Lawrence (Cambridge 1992). A historical overview of Western attitudes to death is given by P. Ariès, The Hour of Our Death (New York 1981); for anthropological approaches, R. Huntington and P. Metcalf, Celebrations of Death (Cambridge 1979); for archaeological approaches, M. Parker Pearson, The Archaeology of Death and Burial (Texas 1999). See also J. Bremmer, The Rise and Fall of the Afterlife (London 2002).