The Villanovan, Etruscan, and Hellenistic Collections in the Detroit Institute of Arts (Monumenta Graeca Et Romana)
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This catalogue brings together for the first time the wide-ranging Villanovan and Etruscan collections of the Detroit Institute of Arts with photographs and relevant bibliographic sources on their cultural and religious functions in antiquity.
disc extension as well. The reverse contains an engraved medallion within a wreath of paired olive leaves. A flower and acanthus leaf subject is engraved on the extension just below the wreath. The medallion scene depicts three nude women in three-quarter view. The left-hand woman gazes into a mirror which she holds in her left hand while leaning on a square pillar with her right elbow. She wears a simple necklace and sandals. The centre woman stands facing to the left with her left hand on her
betrothed thus strengthening the feminine role of these objects (cf. de Grummond 310; G. Säflund 1993: 88-91, 158-160). The medallion scene on the DIA mirror may perhaps depict a bridal toilette which would be appropriate for an Etruscan mirror’s role as marriage gift. The female tomb depositions of many Etruscan mirrors also suggest that they served symbolic and/or magical funerary functions in addition to practical ones (cf. F. R. Serra Ridgway 2000: 416418). Nevertheless, Ridgway indicates
with disc catch-plates and/or semi-circular bows are an Italian development most frequently associated with central Italy (cf. J. Toms 2000: 95, 107). Analyses of similar fibulae suggest that they were manufactured by first decorating a straight cast bronze rod, hammering it into a curve, and then forming the catch-plate, pin, and spring through cold working and annealing (cf. J. Toms 96-105). For fibulae with the same shape and decoration, see F. Trucco et al. 2005: 362, 367 fig. 6 no. 3,
two bolt-holes for the attachment of a wooden shaft. For examples of similar shape, see F. Jurgeit 1999: 160-161 no. 206 pl. 79, Inv. F 1137, 750-700 bce, Italic; P. Ruby 1994: 114-115 fig. 1, 119, Villanovan IIA 775-750 bce, from Sala Consilina; P. F. Stary 1981: 143, 480 fig. 3.6, 8th century bce, from Esquiline Grave 33 at Rome, 249-250, 484 fig. 7.9, 8th century bce, from Novilara. For a discussion of the possible symbolic functions of bronze spearheads in Villanovan tombs and the associated
upper righthand warrior is helmeted. The fully worked urn lid is in the form of a sculpted obesus etruscus (heavy Etruscan type) who reclines on his left side (cf. M. Nielsen 2002: 286 n. 4). He wears a himation tightly draped about his waist, back, and left arm. There is also a garland around his neck and a wreath on his head. The figure props himself up on pillows with his left arm while his right arm extends along his side. He grasps a phiale mesomphalos in his right hand. For a discussion of